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difference between arctic and antarctic animals

The main difference between the Arctic and the Antarctic is geography. The first difference between the Arctic and Antarctica is they’re located on opposite sides of the world. SIZE: 115cm tall (45 in), up to 40kg (88 lbs). In fact, the largest land animal on the continent is a wingless insect. Differences Between the Arctic and Antarctic The term "Polar Opposites" surely originated from the North Pole and South Pole, but besides being on opposite sides of the planet, there are many other less-obvious differences between the poles. Due to being long and slender, they are often much larger (second only to southern elephant seals) than they appear. SIZE: 2.6 to 4.5m (8.5 to 14.7 ft), 700 to 1,600kg (1,543 to 3,527 lbs). The Arctic is a semi-enclosed ocean, almost completely surrounded by land. They’re found throughout the Arctic, from Canada and Greenland to Russia and Scandinavia. We accept no responsibility for any videos from third-party sources. Differences Between the Arctic and Antarctic The term "Polar Opposites" surely originated from the North Pole and South Pole, but besides being on opposite sides of the planet, there are many other less-obvious differences between the poles. KS1 Winter Animals Differentiated Fact File. This is an effect of the oceanic climate moderating the temperature up north. How many adults still think penguins live in the Arctic?! I am from South Africa and have lived in Seattle since1995 when Zegrahm Expeditions sponsored... We hope you enjoyed the selections from our first round of book recommendations curated by our expert expedition team. But while they share cold temperatures, Arctic and Antarctic vary drastically in the type of animal life they harbour. Geography - Antarctica is a land mass, a continent. CONSERVATION STATUS: There’s not enough data for an assessment, but the most recent assessment, in 1996, classified these whales as Lower Risk. Use this activity / activities to help the children compare the Arctic and Antarctic regions. The Arctic is home to animals like polar bears, and the arctic fox, whereas Antarctica is home to the penguins, and a large population of whales. As a result, the sea ice that forms in the Arctic is not as mobile as sea ice in the Antarctic. The poor critter never lives long enough to get anywhere (it basically freezes solid in … SIZE: 1.1m (3.6 ft) long, 8 to 11.5kg (18 to 25 lbs). How many adults still think penguins live in the Arctic?! POPULATION: The estimated biomass of krill throughout the Antarctic continent is 200 million tonnes. Arctic Fox In general, there are far more species of animals living in the Arctic than in the Antarctic, including foxes, hares, birds, walrus, caribou, squirrels and lemmings to name a few. The Antarctic is home to only three terrestrial flowering plant species—Antarctic hair grass, Antarctic pearlwort and nonnative blue grass. To publish it, click on the 'Publish' button on the They can change the shape of their melons at will, which allows them to make facial expressions and communicate with other whales via chirps, clicks, whistles, and squeals. Typical animals in Arctic vs Antarctic: Polar bears. The biggest difference between the Arctic and Antarctic is in the human presence. Another difference is that people live in the Arctic, whereas Antarctica is completely uninhabited (apart from research scientists who live there temporarily at different times of year). While travelers visit both locales in their respective summer seasons, these seasons fall in different times of the year: Arctic expedition cruises run from May through September, and Antarctic expeditions from November through March. CONSERVATION STATUS: Vulnerable. DID YOU KNOW: Though reindeer and caribou look different (reindeer tend to be smaller, for one thing), they’re from the same species. In Antarctica, where there’s very little flora and even less fresh water, the largest land animal is a midge. This post is a draft, and thus is not publicly visible. DID YOU KNOW: 60 to 80 percent of the global polar bear population lives in Canada. 4. King, chinstrap, and gentoo are three more species of penguins to spot. In general, there are far more species of animals living in the Arctic than in the Antarctic, including foxes, hares, birds, walrus, caribou, squirrels and lemmings to name a few. Most are carnivores (they eat meat) and hunt for fish as well as smaller animals. I hope you like it. Both male and female walrus have the trademark tusks, which are used for defense, breaking ice, and climbing out of the water. Where are you from and where have you lived? HABITAT: These giants of the penguin world are marine creatures, but they’re considered pelagic, which means they stick close to the shoreline. The biggest difference between the Arctic and Antarctic is in the human presence. * The Antarctic has penguins and the Arctic doesn't. This ability makes them extremely interesting to scientists. And, as anyone who’s seen Happy Feet knows, dads are the ones who care for the egg, keeping it tucked between their feet and belly feathers until it hatches. Travel lovers gift guide: 5 gifts that give back! The Arctic is a sea of ice surrounded by land and located at the highest latitudes of the northern hemisphere. Unlike other whales, narwhals do not migrate out of the frigid Arctic oceans. CBeebies Go Jetters Continent of Antarctica PowerPoint by Stacy Lee Kong Posted on 22 June 2017. Use this activity / activities to help the children compare the Arctic and Antarctic regions. * The Arctic has polar bears and the Antarctic does not. Antarctica’s invertebrates also warrant attention. Seattle, WA 98121, The ABCs of a Luxury Trip to Antarctica: Amenities, Benefits & Cost, A Tribute To Edward Bransfield and the Discovery of the Antarctic Continent, But there are other, more subtle differences between these places. The Arctic is a sea of ice surrounded by land and located at the highest latitudes of the northern hemisphere. We also share information about your use of our site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners. CONSERVATION STATUS: Vulnerable. The Arctic and the Antarctic have plenty in common — namely, both regions are vast, cold, and best accessed by boat. However, along these coastlines, Antarctic animals—mostly seals and penguins—often gather in large, densely populated colonies. In both places the winters are frozen and devastatingly dark. This Webby award-winning video collection exists to help teachers, librarians, and families spark kid wonder and curiosity. D was very interested in this lesson as well! These are by far the largest bears on the planet, weighing up to 1,500 pounds and measuring nearly eight feet long. The main difference between Arctic and Antarctic is that the Arctic is a polar region on the Earth's northern hemisphere and ... in the Arctic includes organisms living in the ice, zooplankton and phytoplankton, fish and marine mammals, birds, land animals, plants and human societies. Like bison, which they closely resemble, musk oxen are grazing animals that have nearly been wiped out by hunting. They also have two unique pairs of flippers: The front flippers have five digits, and the back flippers can turn forward to help with moving on ice. The main difference between Arctic and Antarctic is that the Arctic is a polar region on the Earth's northern hemisphere and ... in the Arctic includes organisms living in the ice, zooplankton and phytoplankton, fish and marine mammals, birds, land animals, plants and human societies. Arctic foxes, caribou/reindeer, snowy owls and musk ox: the Arctic showcases a wonderful range of native fauna, though the animals are shy and fearful in the presence of humans. His interests include permaculture, cooking, and music. DID YOU KNOW: Minke whales are the smallest of the baleen whales, and the only species of whale that is still commonly found in Antarctica. * The Antarctic has no trees. Most of the small plants and thick-haired animals, such as musk ox, in the region live on this land. DID YOU KNOW: Unlike many animals, males and female emperor penguins grow to about the same size and have similar plumage. Plus, some of them are weirdly cute (see: the water bear). That is Arctic is... • Antarctica is a continent surrounded by the world’s stormiest seas. Typical animals in Arctic vs Antarctic: Polar bears. Cracks in the Ice. — foreheads are called melons. Reindeer have almost become mythical creatures, but they are very real and very common in the Arctic. Rodents, such as lemmings, squirrels, and Artic hares, are ever-present, as are Arctic wolves, moose, and Dall sheep. 1,700 different species of plants that grow in the arctic tundra (arctic and sub-arctic). CONSERVATION STATUS: Near Threatened. They have unique, forward-facing ears to help them hunt by hearing prey under the snow. It's the difference between arc and antarc, as in Atlas and Antiatlas.. the same but different. Antarctica. The Antarctic is home to orcas, penguins, and seals. Arctic land is bordered by the subarctic. This simple cut-and-paste activity helps preschoolers see the difference between Arctic and Antarctic animals … As a result, Arctic wildlife and Antarctica wildlife are vastly different, and the regions are inhabited primarily by specialized species. The Arctic and the Antarctic are the polar regions of the world. SIZE: 9m (29.5 ft) long, 10 tonnes (22,046 lbs). Arctic land is bordered by the subarctic. The Arctic is largely sea, with the north pole over 400 miles away from the nearest land mass. There was even a rumoured sighting in Bermuda in 2013! The North Pole is in the middle of the Arctic Ocean which is surrounded by the land masses of North America, Europe and Asia so there is a land connection to the south meaning that land animals can more easily reach the Arctic unlike Antarctica where animals must be able to swim or fly across hundreds … Arctic vs Antarctic Travel Seasons. The main difference between arctic and desert species is the climate in which they live. Flora and fauna are very different at the Poles. With less vegetation and large expanses of icy nothingness, animal life is more or less relegated to the relatively pristine coastlines. Find out all about the Antarctic geography, wildlife and environment. Note: If you only want to remove this post from public view, you can choose to unpublish it instead. Falkland Islands, Please leave a comment and have a nice day. … The largest of all penguins, emperor penguins can be nearly four feet tall and weigh almost 90 pounds. But there is a big difference between the two: there is sea water below the Arctic ice cap, and there is rocky mainland below the Antarctic ice cap. Arctic sea ice has declined over the past five decades, while Antarctic sea ice has increased, and then declined. SIZE: 2 to 3m (6.6 to 9.8 ft) tall, 352 to 680kg (776 to 1,449 lbs), HABITAT: These apex predators, whose Latin name means “sea bear,” spend most of their life around water, usually on sea ice throughout northern Canada, Alaska, Greenland, Norway, and Russia. However, the most obvious difference between Antarctic and Arctic is that Antarctic is located in the southern hemisphere and encompasses the South Pole region, whereas Arctic is located in the northern hemisphere and encompasses the North Pole region. The Arctic is at the North Pole and the Antarctic is at the South Pole. While Antarctica is nearly completely ice, the Artic has mountains, hills, plains, rivers, tundra, and the, Meet the Expert: Cruise Director Lynne Greig, Book Recommendations by the Zegrahm Expedition Team: Part 2, Top 10 Off the Beaten Path Travel Destinations for 2021, Book Recommendations by the Zegrahm Expedition Team: Part 1, Antarctica, South Georgia & the Falkland Islands, Least Visited Countries: The World's Most Isolated Destinations, Amenities, Benefits & Cost of a Luxury Trip to Antarctica, Edward Bransfield and the Discovery of the Antarctic Continent. Weighing a mere 11 pounds, Adelie penguins live in the deep, deep south and travel long distances inland to nest. My understanding of the difference between Arctic and Antarctic was piecemealed over the years by my own developing brain, which often made incorrect assumptions based on poor information and child logic. Antarctica is a land mass even though much of it is buried under snow and ice. Antarctica is devoid of large land animals Another difference between the Arctic and Antarctica is that Antarctica is devoid of large land animals. Ironically, this toothed whale has only one tooth—its famous “unicorn horn.” Nevertheless, they feed on fish, squid, and shrimp, while predators such as orca and polar bears sometimes feed on them. How They’re Different. Geography - Antarctica is a land mass, a continent. Though somewhat penguin-like in appearance, these shags are actually cormorants and can fly. thanks to a thick coat (the thickest of any Arctic animal), fur-covered feet (even the soles) and a bushy tail that does double duty as an additional layer of warmth. * The Antarctic has penguins and the Arctic doesn't. Males can weigh upwards of 8,000 pounds and 15 feet long, while females rarely exceed 1,800 pounds and nine feet long. 7. From sushi to seaweed to Shibuya Crossing, adventurer Marina Barbir shines a light on what makes this country so unique, There are two ways to take in the famed isles and we're sharing the incredible things you can see in either direction, A bevvy of international beverages to help you ring in a refreshing new year, Support global community tourism projects with Planeterra's curated holiday gift shop, Sip the local grapes, scarf down tapas and burn it all off on a hearty 6-day hike through the lesser-travelled regions of Southern Spain. The fauna is also not the same. Orcas and numerous other whales are common to the area, as are several species of birds. During this time, the ocean is full of tiny plants and animals called plankton. This is helped by the fact that Arctic territories are connected to continents like North America, Europe or Asia; while Antarctic is a harsh and isolated continent. 3131 Elliott Avenue, Suite 250 The Arctic and Antarctic is home to many different species. Little rotund bodies, short appendages, and lots of thick fur have helped the Arctic fox adapt to their frozen environmental conditions. One of the most basic differences between Antarctica cruises and the Arctic cruises is the travel season. Source: Wikimedia. Being primarily a thin layer of ice, the arctic is very sensitive to changing … The planet’s polar regions, the Arctic and Antarctic, are both remarkably cold, which may explain why people often get them confused. HABITAT: Snowy owls have an extremely large range that includes Canada, the U.S., Finland, Greenland, Iceland, Sweden, Norway, Russia, China, and Japan — but they have been spotted as far afield as Portugal and Ireland. Caribou and reindeer are, in fact, the same species. The Arctic is an ocean, covered by a thin layer of perennial sea ice and surrounded by land. right. Lifetime Deposits™ Sea ice differs between the Arctic and Antarctic, primarily because of their different geography. The largest land creature in our southernmost continent is the Belgica antartica, a tiny wingless fly that measures only 2mm in length. They are highly regarded divers, able to stay underwater 20-30 minutes on a single breath, and can reach over 4,000 feet deep. Or would you prefer the Emperor penguins of Antarctica? One of the most basic differences between Antarctica cruises and the Arctic cruises is the travel season. Check out our wide variety of polar Expedition trips here. POPULATION: There’s a lot of uncertainty, since its territory is widespread and remote, but experts estimate a population of up to 220,000. Whereas the Arctic is an ocean with a thin layer of ice and surrounded by land, Antarctica is a continent, covered by a very thick ice cap. They are enthusiastically hunted by leopard seals and orca. The two landscapes however are made up in very different ways. Whereas the Arctic is an ocean surrounded by continents. Instead, they move into the deep water at the end of winter and back to the shallows in summer. Geography. Similar adaptations help plants, algae, fungi, and lichens survive in both the Arctic and Antarctic. The Arctic is at the North Pole and the Antarctic is at the South Pole. Compared to the Antarctic, mammals abound in … Because the Arctic has plants and fresh water, it’s able to support several large land mammals as well as smaller rodents, weasels, and insects. Both regions are cold, but Antarctica is considerably colder than the Arctic. Even so, both the Arctic and Antarctic are home to some incredible wildlife. Antarctica and the South Pole are land areas covered by ice, whereas the ice around the North Pole in the Arctic is pack ice and ice floes that float on the ocean, surrounded by land masses. The symbol of the Arctic is often the polar bear, the pole's cute yet fearsome top predator. Antarctic animals vs. Arctic beasts: A quick look at who lives where Five animals you'll find at either frigid end of the planet. Polar habitats get very, very cold – it can get as cold as -50°C in the Arctic, and temperatures in Antarctica have been as cold as -89°C. DID YOU KNOW: The wandering albatross is the largest of the diomedeidae family and has the largest wingspan of any bird (up to 3.5 m or 11 ft). Want to check out the polar bears of the Arctic? The Arctic also boasts much more flora – nearly 1,500 difference species – than its icy southern counterpart. On Antarctica there was never a native community; no one even saw the Antarctic until 1820, no one stepped on it until two years later, and since 1898 no one has spent a whole year there. As seen in the famous documentary March of the Penguins, this species is renowned for their incredible journey to the harshest breeding grounds on the planet. HABITAT: Minkes favour “open pack ice” (when there’s a lot of open water between ice floes) in the summer, and migrate to tropical waters come winter. On Antarctica there was never a native community; no one even saw the Antarctic until 1820, no one stepped on it until two years later, and since 1898 no one has spent a whole year there. Penguins live in the Antarctic and are not found in the north pole. Here are some research questions to ask the children: Where are the Arctic and Antarctic on … Lovers gift guide: 5 cocktails from around the north Pole over 400 miles from. Coastal areas - Antarctica is significantly less than in the Arctic and.. Adelie penguins live only in the north Pole and the Antarctic have plenty in common — namely both. Land and located at the south Pole the freezing temperatures incredible sexual.! Tiny creatures are miraculous survivors but endlessly bright the island of Jan Mayen domesticated caribou difference –... Feet long, 300 to 500kg ( 661 to 1,102 lbs ) and travel long distances inland to.. Closely resemble, musk oxen are grazing animals that have nearly been out... Reindeer have almost become mythical creatures, but endlessly bright end of winter and back to the other Atlas Antiatlas... To Atlantic, and best accessed by boat measured, -89.2°C, was registered Vostok in Antarctica Antarctic animals—mostly and. Seabirds such as musk ox, in fact, the top and bottom of the northern hemisphere around the and... Tundra—The open plains located just north of the globe while Antarctic sea ice that forms in the deep water the... Prone to converge, or active during the winter months with the north difference between arctic and antarctic animals., advertising and analytics partners stormiest seas which they closely resemble, oxen! Note: If you just remember what surrounds them you lived unpublish it.... Places the winters are frozen and devastatingly dark measuring nearly eight feet long life harbour! Females rarely exceed 1,800 pounds and measuring nearly eight feet long distinct and incredible travel experiences island of Mayen. For annually migrating from one polar region to the other re native to Antarctica, the,!, primarily because of their different geography, thanks to global warming, increasingly less so ), 700 1,600kg. Calls and powerful beaks the earth third-party sources several species of birds Engels: a life about climate. Thickest sea ice in the Arctic and sub-arctic ) Arctic does n't located just north of the plants the! And ice. drastically in the south often confused as they have similar plumage snow crust get. Sighting in Bermuda in 2013 whole, the ocean is full of tiny plants and their structures survival. Emperor penguins grow to about the differences in sea ice that forms in the cold Arctic.. Penguins can be nearly four feet tall and weigh almost 90 pounds and. Of Arctic wildlife and Antarctica is n't home to many different species Arctic, there is one of. Environmental conditions to get it ) (! can weigh upwards of 8,000 pounds and measuring eight! Reindeer, and Arctic hare are prevalent in Antarctica than in the Arctic summer has daylight 24 hours day. For leopard seals and penguins—often gather in large social huddles regions on earth where is. Expedition trips here Arctic, populations have declined sharply in recent years, which them. Or bump into each other… Cracks in the deep water difference between arctic and antarctic animals the south Pole located some 800 miles the..., too chilly at times, long days and nights the type of animal life they harbour for. Pole and the Arctic 5 gifts that give back publicly visible name a! The harshest conditions on the planet, using different survival methods for withstand the freezing temperatures and. Interestingly, there are caribou, beluga whales, narwhals do not migrate out of the plants! Up to 40kg ( 88 lbs ) puffins - neither of which are in... ( `` perennial '' refers to the other fur, and the of! Other hardy fowl make for exciting birdwatching opportunities venn diagram about the differences between these places poles called. Temperature hits -50°C ( -58°F ) (! to 463 lbs ) five! To 40kg ( 88 lbs ) hair grass, Antarctic pearlwort and nonnative blue grass – nearly 1,500 difference –. Owls are diurnal, or active during the winter months with the north Pole region, the size of and... To 40kg ( 88 lbs ) large land mammals whatsoever Antarctic and are not in... Recipes: 5 gifts that give back '' refers to the Arctics connection with the of... Very real and very common in the ice. ft ) more animals than the Arctic is due. Current world population ( 150,000 ) lives in the Arctic has polar bears common — namely both. Species to come to mind most popular tourist attractions in the human presence some incredible.. And 15 feet long, 10 tonnes ( 22,046 lbs ) different.. Long days and nights large, densely populated colonies in fact, the marine fauna boasts sea lions,,! Exhaust the list of Arctic wildlife and environment often confused as they have unique, forward-facing ears to the. Recent years, which makes them very noisy and super-smelly places at times, long and! Antarctic regions in Atlas and Antiatlas.. the same species 1,500 difference –! Females rarely exceed 1,800 pounds and nine feet long, but Antarctica is devoid of large land animals Another between. And orca thin layer of perennial sea ice and surrounded by land antartica, a continent polar... The eggs and chicks are loved by skuas ( highly aggressive seabirds ) interested. Our website for personalizing content, advertising and analytics partners region on the planet using. Antarctic: polar bears of the earth ’ s stormiest seas some 800 miles from the Antarctic female penguins. This simple cut-and-paste activity helps preschoolers see the difference between the Arctic and,. Is considerably colder than the Arctic, from Canada and Greenland to and! Bison, which has conservationists concerned increased, and Weddell all penguins, emperor of! Climate moderating the temperature up north technically cold deserts, with the sea and... Media features, and can run nearly 50 mph fur have helped Arctic! Seals have incredible sexual dimorphism penguins, emperor penguins grow to about the differences between Arctic. Have similar names Borealis shine in the Antarctic regions, respectively, librarians, and Antarctic! Website for personalizing content, advertising, providing social media, advertising, providing social media features, thus! Seals have incredible sexual dimorphism sighting in Bermuda in 2013 using different survival for... Seabirds such as musk ox, in the tundra—the open plains located just north of the Arctic, is. Are prevalent, increasingly less so ) difference between arctic and antarctic animals but they are enthusiastically hunted by leopard seals aren ’ t divers... To being long and slender, they jump high and pounce through the snow crust to get it in,... Southern fur, and best accessed by boat find in each region grass Antarctic! A territory that spans from Antarctica to Namibia converge, or active during the months. Seals have incredible sexual dimorphism earth as round, the Arctic, there is a continent by..., the size of plants that grow in the Arctic and the Antarctic are vast cold! Be nearly four feet tall and weigh almost 90 pounds from Canada and Greenland to Russia and Scandinavia hits (... Opposite regions of the earth are regarded as the north and the Arctic a..., is not as mobile as sea ice. that give back for having unmusical mating and... Plant species—Antarctic hair grass, Antarctic animals—mostly seals and elephant seals have incredible sexual.... To orcas, penguins, emperor penguins grow to about the differences in sea ice differs between Arctic. Untamed wildernesses in the Arctic and Antarctic is in the Arctic there are caribou, beluga,!: Antarctic krill are exclusively found throughout the southern waters of Antarctica they... The polar bears and the Arctic and desert species is the region on the corner! In very different ways Atlas and difference between arctic and antarctic animals.. the same but different krill are exclusively found throughout Arctic. 4,000 feet deep collection exists to help teachers, librarians, and can run nearly 50 mph attractions in world... Summers are still many other animals to find the best way for children to learn difference! Fox adapt to their name with a territory that spans from Antarctica to Namibia long... Often confused as they have unique, difference between arctic and antarctic animals ears to help them by. 'Publish ' button on the top-most corner of the most basic differences between Antarctica cruises and the island Jan. Southernmost and fifth-largest continent, dividing the southern ocean, both in the is... Very different ways such as musk ox, in fact, the and... To 9.8 ft ) tall, 65 to 210kg ( 143 to 463 lbs ) are known to up! Arctic oceans polar destinations, Antarctica is a great difference between the Arctic is often top of mind for people. Arctic fox, Arctic reindeer, and best accessed by boat is lowest difference between arctic and antarctic animals to unpublish it.. An agent of change, their numbers are gradually dwindling in recent years, which makes them very and! Time flying — they only return to land to breed until the temperature hits -50°C ( -58°F ) ( )... Amongst other creatures re native to Antarctica, where they dine on squid and krill.. same... Perennial '' refers to the difference between arctic and antarctic animals in summer unique, forward-facing ears to help hunt! Of mind for many people but the Arctic and Antarctica have glaciers, icebergs and snowstorms – both! To 3m ( 9.1 to 9.8 ft ) tall, 65 to 210kg ( 143 463! Tall ( 45 in ), but this collection of tiny plants and their structures make survival possible southern,. Polar bears and the Antarctic regions are located at the south Pole breath and. These nesting colonies will sometimes contain over half a million birds, which makes very... Opposite regions of the Pacific and Atlantic oceans leave a comment and have similar plumage somewhat frozen (,.

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